Marrakech is so important that gave the name to Morocco. For more than two centuries, this city, at the point of interchange between the Sahara, the Atlas and The Antiatlas was the center of a great empire, and inside the city walls you can see works of distinguished builders. It is the Capital of the great south and, despite being only the third city of Morocco after Casablanca and Rabat, its magnificent palaces and lush palmares continue to fascinate visitors.
Marrakech was founded in 1062 by the Almoravids of the Sahara. These warrior monks quickly created an empire of Algiers to Spain. In 1106, Ali Ben Youssef, hired workers of Andalusia to build a palace and a mosque in the capital. Also erected walls around the city and installed khettaras (cable underground), an ingenious irrigation system that brought water to the great palmar.
In 1147 the Almohads took the city. Abd el-Moumen built the Koutoubia, a masterpiece of Moorish architecture, and his successor was responsible for the construction of the Kasbah. But the dynasty almóada fell, for the benefit of the dynasty of Merínidas of Fes, and for more than 200 years Marrakech has stagnated. Only in the 16th century the town reinvigorated with the arrival of Sádidas, especially the wealthy el-Mansour. The tombs Sádidas, The Madraça Ben Youssef and the ruins of the Palais El Badi-mark this season. In 1668, Marrakech fell into the hands of Alauitas, who made of Fes and after Tehran to its capital. In the 20th century, Marrakech has embraced the modern era with the creation of the “Quartier Vert”, built during the Protectorate. Visitors continue to flow to this magical city and today tourism is vital for its economy.
Places to visit
Jemaa Al Fna
Jemaa Al Fna is the main and most famous square in the city of Marrakech. It is located in the historical part, the almedina. The square, is included in the list of Intangible Cultural Heritage of UNESCO since 2008.
At dusk, the movement in the square is at its peak, becoming the scene of a huge and varied spectacle in the open air.Majorelle Garden
The Majorelle Garden in Marrakech is one of the most visited places in Morocco. The French painter Jacques Majorelle (1886-1962) took 40 years to create with passion, this charming place in the heart of the town red.
Koutoubia is the largest mosque and the most representative of the city of Marrakech. Located in the southwest of the Jemaa Al Fna Square, beside the Avenue Mohamed V, the Koutoubia stands out for its minaret of 69 m of height, the tallest building in the city.
Menara is a large garden with olive trees, which is about 45 minutes walk from the Jemaa El Fna Square, in the center of Marrakech. In the center of the garden, there is a large lake at the foot of a flag that serves as a reservoir of water to irrigate their crops. It is a very quiet place, away from the hustle and bustle of the city. It is an ideal place for hiking.
The Bahia Palace is located in the Medina of Marrakech along the north rim of the district of Marrakech or Jewish Quarter. Although the exact date of construction of the palace are unknown, the building was in progress between 1859 and 1873 and was completed in 1900. The palace was built in two stages by two different men, a father and son.
The Palace Badii was built by Sultan Ahmed al Mansour Dhahbi saadien to commemorate the victory of the Portuguese Army in 1578 at the Battle of the Three Kings. Today, there is still a huge clearing and gardens planted with orange trees and surrounded by high walls. In 1696, the Sultan Moulay Ismail Alawite took what was more rich in this palace to build the imperial city of Meknes.
The Bab Alájar pointed out the main entrance to the Palace Almóada, therefore, its function essentially decorative. Although the gate no longer has the towers, the facade is still impressive. Shades of red and gray blue merge into the carved stone.
Medersa Ben Youssef
The Medersa Ben Youssef is one of the most interesting monuments of Marrakech. Built in 1570, has been for more than four centuries a shelter for students and thirst for knowledge in various sciences.
Gueliz is one of the most popular areas of the “new town” of Marrakech. The district extends from the Avenue Mohamed V up to the Medina and is famous for the cluster of stores that range from small portinhas selling craft the luxury boutiques, some communities. And by the large amount of Banks, ATMS and bureaux de change.
House of Photography from Marrakech
The photograph of Marrakech, is a private structure created by Hamid Mergani and Patrick Manac’h, is open since 2009. Its main aim is to show the extraordinary diversity of Morocco. Displays Exhibitions of photography since the beginnings of photography until the modern period. It is an invitation to discover Morocco.
Medina of Marrakech
Medina is the name given to the historical part of various cities in the Maghreb. Tends to be walled and contain a maze of narrow streets. The medina of Marrakech is no exception to this rule, has a number of labyrinthine streets, where you can lose in shopping, visit fantastic places to eat in various restaurants, looking for accommodation for your stay in the city, etc.
The Palm Grove of Marrakech is located on the edge of town, entering through the new. He was sent to plant by a Sultan yacoub El-Mansour in the 12th century, and is famous for its quantity of palm trees and the camel rides you can do throughout the day.
The Secret Garden
The Secret Garden in Marrakech, opened its doors to the public recently, although its origin date of more than 400 years. The Secret Garden has been home to some important political figures in Morocco. Was the target of renewal and this time it can be visited. Visitors will find this site a beautiful example of architecture and Islamic art..
Square of the spices
The square of spices, is exactly as the name indicates a square which is situated within the medina of Marrakech and where you can see the preparation of spices in the rough, for after they are sold. There is also another type of traditional trade, such as baskets, tapestry, cafeterias, etc. In this square is still the Café des Épices, who also deserves to be visited, where you can sit sipping a cool drink and its pool, enjoy this magnificent square full of life.
Just 45 minutes drive from the city of Marrakech, is a place worth knowing. It is a valley in the middle of the mountains, where it passes a refreshing river. It is a place very frequented by Moroccans but also and increasingly by tourists seeking a cooler place to spend the day.
There are on-site restaurants with terraces where you can desgustar traditional tajines, with pezinhos into water. It is worth making a day trip to this location.