Aït-Ben-Haddou is a fortified town or school, in the ancient route of caravans between the Sahara and Marrakech. It is located on a hill in the foothills of the High Atlas, on the edge of the river Ounila. The city is made by a group of small fortresses, or kasbahs, arriving to take ten meters high. The majority of the inhabitants of the city now lives in a village, on the other side of the River; however, eight families still living in the Ksar.
There have been filmed several famous films, including Lawrence of Arabia, The Mummy, Gladiator, Alexander and Prince of Persia, among many others.
Douar Asfalou, was declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1987.